Eleven Indian machines have found a place in the latest list of the world’s 500 most powerful supercomputers, including two in the top 100. China, which ranks third, has 37 systems, and is also home to the world’s most powerful supercomputer, Tianhe-2. Tianhe-2, which means Milky Way-2, is a system developed by China’s National University of Defense Technology and is deployed in Guangzhou. It has retained its top rank for the fifth consecutive time and has a performance level of 33.86 petaflops (quadrillions of calculations per second).
India has made a minor improvement from nine supercomputers in the list released last year to 11 in the list released on Monday. The two new supercomputers include the one at the Supercomputer Education and Research Centre at the Indian Institute of Science in Bengaluru and the one at the National Centre for Medium Range Forecast in Noida.
The list is published twice a year by Jack Dongarra, a professor at the University of Tennessee who has been involved in the making of the list since 1993.
India’s position can be expected to improve as the cabinet in March approved the National Supercomputing Mission with an outlay of Rs.4,500 crore over a period of seven years. The mission aims to set up a grid connecting 70 supercomputers located in research and development institutions, universities and the 1 million core cloud using the National Knowledge Network. The mission also aims to catalyze the government’s Digital India vision by making available huge data storage space and linking systems.
Some of the institutes with supercomputers that made it to the top 500 list are the Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Centre for Development of Advanced Computing, Centre for Scientific and Industrial Research and Indian Space Research Organisation.